Hydro jetting is a method of cleaning clogged drains and obstructed sewage lines using highly pressurized water. A blast of high pressure is sent into the lines via hose that will usually remove blockages and build up. The water comes out of a hose at a very high psi, from 7,000 to 60,000 psi, removing dirt, grime, debris and other obstructions in the sewer lines. Hydro jetting can completely clean pipes of residual build up in ways that using a snake cannot. Snaking out pipes only breaks up the clogs but leaves build up remaining on the interior walls. Hydro jetting is even powerful enough to cut through tree roots that may be causing blockage. Hydro jetting has the power to burst open the toughest blockages and at the same time sends water the full diameter of the pipe, flushing debris and leaving lines clear. Short of replacing your pipes, hydro jetting is the most efficient way to clear pipes of blockages without damage to the surrounding area and infrastructure. Nevertheless, hydro jetting will not solve problems with broken pipes and could cause weakened areas to break.
Hydro jetting uses heavy-duty nozzles attached to powerful hoses and high-pressure water, similar to, but more powerful than, a fire hose. A professional plumbing contractor or licensed septic pumper should be the one to do hydro jetting. A thorough inspection should be performed to determine the location and cause of the problem. The high pressure could damage lines if they are not properly inspected before hydro jetting. Therefore, plumbers trained in the use of the system are needed, as they know what to look for to prevent damage and thoroughly clean the sewage system.
Hydro jetting is frequently used in commercial plumbing, but it can also be beneficial to homeowners. If you need to have your plumbing snaked on a regular basis, hydro jetting will thoroughly eliminate all the debris in the lines. Hydro jetting can also improve older plumbing lines that have years of build up. It is also particularly beneficial for homeowners as it can remove sand, silt and scale build up as well as hair clogs and other residue that build up in sewage pipes. Restaurants use hydro jetting to remove grease and food particle build up. Hydro jetting is also environmentally friendly as no chemicals are needed, just water.
It is also important to note that sewage pipes are designed in a way to allow wastewater to seep into the surrounding gravel and soil where it is treated and filtered naturally. The strong force of the water from hydro jetting can cause solids to flow into the surrounding gravel, potentially plugging the line instead of cleaning it out. Hydro jetting can also damage the pipe itself.